The biggest challenge that the developing countries face in today’s time is that of a stable economy that helps them in moving forward with the development procedures. The administrative agencies and economic experts always try on finding resources that are less straining monetary wise but give out the maximum benefits to the people of the country. Newer and more sustainable options are being researched everyday to help combat the rising demand of products or services and one such area that requires focus currently is that of the power sector. With more and more areas being provided with electricity to enable a progressive country, all the developing countries have switched to better options so as not to stress the usage of the non renewable sources and instead opt for sustainable resources of energy production. This is one of the primary reasons why the production and usage of LED bulbs and lighting solutions are being promoted in the most diverse way across rural, semi-urban as well as urban areas of developing countries specifically.
According to a research by the United Nation’s Environment in 2017, it has been estimated that developing countries can save around $40 billion worth of electricity and also prevent 320 million metric tonnes of carbon pollution on an annual basis by switching to LED solutions for lighting. This has put a stress on the discontinuation of the usage of incandescent bulbs and the transition to the use of LED bulbs in the developing countries to relieve the burden on the non-renewable resources of energy for the production of electricity as well as provide a relief to the economy.
Incandescent bulbs are cheaper options for lighting in rural and semi-urban areas and therefore these have been preferred by most users for the past years. But the energy consumption level of these bulbs are far more compared to the sustainable options of LED bulbs, therefore, indirectly putting a stress on the economy of the country in the form of the production of electricity from non-renewable resources. LED bulbs might be costly, but keeping the long-term benefit in mind, these are energy efficient and also consume lesser amount of electricity, thus being a better option when compared with the incandescent bulbs. This is why semi-urban and rural areas are being explored to increase the awareness of the usage of LED bulbs and the benefits associated with them are made known to the users so that they can switch to these sustainable modes of lighting and make the country energy-efficient as well as get savings for themselves.
Countries like Europe and United States have already phased out the usage of the incandescent bulbs but the developing countries are yet to make themselves sufficient with the production of LED bulbs and the usage of the same. This is why governments of most developing countries like India, have promoted the setting up of the manufacturing units for LED bulbs in rural and semi-urban areas thereby increasing options for the people and increased availability of the products for the usage by the mass.
LED bulbs are far more efficient than incandescent ordinary bulbs as they make use of approximately 85% lesser energy than the ordinary or previously used incandescent bulbs. This means that instead of using a 60 watt incandescent bulb you can easily switch to a 10 watt LED bulb and get the same amount of bright light in a much energy efficient manner. LED bulbs come in different shapes and sizes and you will be able to choose from a number of Watt levels depending on your energy requirement. The most important thing that comes with an LED bulb is the guarantee of longevity because almost all LED bulb manufacturers offer a guarantee of 1 to 2 years depending on the product, failing which they replace the bulb free of cost.
A model regulation has been published recently by the United for Efficiency initiative, which is a public-private partnership leadered by the UN Environment, which can be used by countries that are interested to do so. This regulation has the mention of the product scope, test methods, the minimum efficiency levels, and the minimum performance requirements as well as the market surveillance which will enable the consumers to have a better experience while using LED bulbs. This regulation has been provided to partner countries based in Asia, Latin America and Africa. This has paved the way for the promotion of the usage of sustainable resources for lighting requirement that is the LED bulbs while offering benefits to the manufacturers as well as the consumers. The adoption of these regulations will ensure that the developing countries will not become dumping grounds for incandescents bulbs and make way for a sustainable economy and a progressive country in terms of the overall development.